January 19, 1864
---The newly-formed Unionist government of Arkansas meets in convention in Union-occupied Little Rock to adopt a new state constitution. This new state government is a grassroots effort that started in Northwestern Arkansas the year before, in the highlands, where Unionist sentiment is strong. In fact, Pres. Lincoln does not even know about this convention. A noted article in the new state constitution: slavery or any kind of involuntary servitude or indenture are banned from Arkansas.