—A new prisoner exchange policy has been adopted by the U.S. Government: that prisoners will no longer be exchanged. Lincoln’s reasoning is that exchanging prisoners gives the Rebels more veteran men to fight. Also, if they are forced to build prison camps, then more resources (being scarce in the South) will go to feed and house prisoners and less to combat troops. Added to this was the Confederacy’s refusal to treat captured blacks as regular prisoners of war for any reason. Today, in Sumter County, southern Georgia, the new Confederate States prison camp at Andersonville opens its doors as 500 Union prisoners arrive. Col. Alexander Persons of Georgia is given command of the camp.
—On this very date, Robert Knox Sneden, a Union prisoner, was being transported with hundreds of others south to Andersonville. After leaving their stop in Augusta, Georgia, they travel all day until coming to a stop somewhere in central Georgia. Sneden describes their accommodations: