Thursday, November 21, 2013

October 27, 1863

October 27, 1863

---In Chicago, the first major Sanitary Fair is held, organized by Mary Livermore and Jane Hoge of the U.S. Sanitary Commission.  The USSC asks people to donate items (or make new items) for sale to raise funds to purchase medical supplies, blankets, clothing, and a more nutritious diet for the soldiers in the field.  Admission is 75 cents.  The biggest item for sale was the original manuscript of the Emancipation Proclamation, donated by Pres. Lincoln, which sells in the auction for $3,000.00.  The Fair will remain open for two weeks.

Chattanooga Campaign:  The Move on Brown’s Ferry.  Two brigades–one under William Hazen and another under John Turchin are detailed by Gen. Thomas to capture Brown’s Ferry, a river crossing downstream from the city, and the key to re-establishing a supply line.  Hazen’s men float downstream under cover of fog and no moon, and Turchin’s march over Moccasin Point in the early morning hours.  

---John Beauchamp Jones, a clerk in the War Department in Richmond, writes in his journal on a poignant subject that often must have crossed the minds of many on both sides of the war:

            How long will it be after peace before the sectional hatred intensified by this war can abate? A lady near by, the other night, while surveying her dilapidated shoes, and the tattered sleeping-gowns of her children, burst forth as follows: “I pray that I may live to see the United States involved in a war with some foreign power, which will make refugees of her people, and lay her cities in ashes! I want the people ruined who would ruin the South. It will be a just retribution!”

Unidentified young soldier in Union musician's uniform and coat in case
An unnamed young musician in the U.S. Army

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