A no-frills day-by-day account of what was happening 150 years ago, this blog is intended to be a way that we can experience or remember the Civil War with more immediacy, in addition to understanding the flow of time as we live in it.
Thursday, April 4, 2013
March 30, 1863
--- Battle of Washington, N.C. - As part
of Gen. Longstreet’s tidewater operations this Spring, under the direction of
Gen. Robert E. Lee, Longstreet sends a column of troops under Gen. D.H. Hill to
threaten the Federal hold on New Berne and Washington, two principal ports in
tidewater North Carolina.In Washington,
on the Tar River, Union General John G. Foster and a brigade of 2,000 are
posted.Hill marches his brigades to
this point and, on this date, launch an attack on the Union-fortified
town.Besides the infantry, Foster has
three gunboats on the Tar River to help defend the town.Rebel brigades under Richard Garnett and
Johnston Pettigrew invest the town, and conduct an assault, but the Federal
gunboats drive them back, and the Siege begins.
---Gen. John McClernand sends troops to
sieze Richmond, Mississippi on this date; the Yankees drive off a force of
Rebel cavalry after a two-hour fight.
---Battle of Somerset, Kentucky –
Federal troops under Gen. Quincy Gillmore encounter Rebel cavalry under Gen.
Pegram.After a sharp battle, the Revels
are routed and driven with “great loss.”
---Rebel guerillas under a Col. Jenkins
attack Point Pleasant, Virginia, in the western mountains, and are held off by
a much smaller force---a mere company of the 13th Virginia Infantry
(Union), who use the courthouse as a blockhouse for defense.After suffering heavy casualties, the Rebels
---Rebel War clerk John Beauchamp Jones
writes more about the Richmond famine in his journal:
gaunt form of wretched famine still approaches with rapid strides. Meal is now
selling at $12 per bushel, and potatoes at $16. Meats have almost disappeared
from the market, and none but the opulent can afford to pay $3.50 per pound for
butter. Greens, however, of various kinds, are coming in; and as the
season advances, we may expect a diminution of prices. It is strange that on
the 30th of March, even in the “sunny South,” the fruit-trees are as bare of
blossoms and foliage as at mid-winter. We shall have fire until the middle of
May,—six months of winter!
am spading up my little garden, and hope to raise a few vegetables to eke out a
miserable subsistence for my family. My daughter Ann reads Shakspeare to me o’
nights, which saves my eyes.