|Northern Virginia, Oct. 30, 1862|
—On this date, the U.S. Navy offers a $500,000.00 reward for the capture of the CSS Alabama, or $300,000.00 for its destruction. Apparently, the Confederate commerce raider has become a big enough problem that the Navy needs to offer more motivation to its sea commanders.
—Sec. of War Stanton sends directives to the governors of Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio to begin sending newly-raised regiments to Gen. McClernand, rather than to Gen. Grant.
—On this date, Napoleon III, Emperor of France, proposes to Great Britain and Russia that the three nations intervene in the American Civil War and bring about a brokered peace—one that would provide favorable outcomes and privileges to the brokering nations, of course, since Napoleon was interested in establishing more French "opportunities" in Central America. The British and the Russians eventually reject Napoleon’s overtures, however.
|Emperor Napoleon III of France|
—Harper’s Weekly, once an anti-Republican paper, but now a firmly pro-Republican paper, publishes a pair of cartoons as commentary on the upcoming elections in one week: they attack the "Seymour Party"—the New York Democrats who favor peace with the South at any price, and which will in future months become the core of Copperhead movement in the North. The cartoons lampoon the Peace Democrats’ approach to the war, of their prevarications about Union, and their sympathy and percieved loyalty to the South. (Seymour is shown as kissing the foot of The South):
|What the Seymour Party Say|
|What the Seymour Party Do|
—Gen. Robert E. Lee has formally divided the Army of Nothern Virginia into two corps–the 1st, under Gen. Longstreet, and the 2nd, under Gen. Jackson.
—John Beauchamp Jones, a clerk in the Confederate War Department, writes in his journal of the rumors that constantly fly around the Department:
---George Templeton Strong, of New York City, writes in his journal about prospects for the war and prospects for the mid-term elections, where the mayoral seat for the city and the governorship of the state of New York are up for grabs, which could have crucial consequences for the Lincoln administration—not to mention the probability that New York’s congressional delegation would become strongly Democratic, due to increasing sympathy for the South and discontent with the stunted Union efforts toward victory. He also notes the ill effect of arresting Southern sympathizers and critics of the war without a writ of habeas corpus:
---Private George Grenville Benedict, of the 12th Vermont Infantry Regiment, writes another letter he intends to publish in the Burlington Free Press, his hometown newspaper: this one is a humorous look at the constant work of a soldier who is ambitious to improve his comfort in camp. It also concerns the constant flux of army life and the total unreliability of said soldier’s expectations: