|Rebels in Chambersburg, Penn.|
Stuart then decides to return by a different route—and once again have the audacity to ride completely around McClellan’s army. He turns his brigade east towards Gettysburg, but turns south at Cashtown to Fairfield. By evening, the Rebels have reached Emmitsburg, Maryland. They rest briefly and, having heard of Federal cavalry patrols nearby, decide to move on. The ride continues through the night. William Blackford, one of Stuart’s troopers, records his memories of the night march:
It is no small tax upon one’s endurance to remain marching all night; during the day there is always something to attract the attention and amuse, but at night there is nothing. The monotonous jingle of arms and accoutrements mingles with the tramp of horses’ feet into a drowsy hum all along the marching column, which makes one extremely sleepy, and to be sleepy and not to be allowed to sleep is exquisite torture.
By the morning of the 12th, the gray troopers are in Hyattstown, Maryland, directly east of McClellan’s Federals in Harper’s Ferry. McClellan, in response, sends out a host of small detachments to scour the countryside.
—Sec. of the U.S. Navy, Gideon Welles, notes in his journal about the first news of Stuart’s raid:
—On this date, the New York Times editorializes somewhat more generously than yesterday on Buell’s performance as a general:
---—The Richmond Daily Dispatch, ever ready to protest violations of civil liberties of white people by Lincoln’s government, publishes an editorial:
—Sergeant Alexander G. Dowling, of the 11th Iowa Infantry, records some interesting details in his journal (upon his regiment’s return to Corinth) about the army rations, which most of us in our day would find surprising. Recording yesterday that they had no regular rations, and had been eating fresh beef and sweet potatoes, they now get their regular rations again:
—The Cincinnati Gazette publishes a notice of a small battle near Helena, Arkansas, where Maj. Rector of the 4th Iowa Cavalry encountered a larger force of Texas Rangers, under Lt. Col. Giddings. The Iowa troopers routed the Rebels, capturing a host of prisoners, including Lt. Col. Giddings.
—Near Bulls Bay, South Carolina, the U.S.S. Restless, on blockade duty, captures the Elmira Cornelius attempting to run the blockade.
—In nearby Charleston, the Confederate Navy launches a new ironclad gunboat named the Palmetto State, a ship paid for entirely by subscription and fundraising by the ladies of South Carolina.
—On this date, the CSS Alabama overhauls and captures the S.S. Manchester, a U.S. ship loaded with grain and cotton. After re-supplying from the Yankee ship, the Rebel sailors burn the Manchester.
—Seventeen miles from Winchester, Virginia, a detachment of 300 Federal cavalry, under Colonel McReynolds, falls upon the camp of Confederate cavalry under the command of Col. John Imboden, and capture "a major, lieutenant, twenty-five privates, a large number of horses and mules, one thousand blankets, a quantity of ammunition, brass cannon, wagons, firearms, clothing, and Colonel Imboden’s private papers."