—Gen. Halleck writes to Gen. Grant, warning him of Confederate coordination in the West. He asks Grant to send troops to cover Rosecrans’ right as he advances, and also warns of what is clear to everyone: that Joseph Johnston and Robert E. Lee have sent several divisions to reinforce Bragg. Halleck likewise warns that the Confederates have violated the rules of war by calling back troops that were paroled (set free to return home) without being exchanged (each one traded for a Union soldier delivered from prison):
—On this date, Pres. Lincoln suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus, especially for cases of prisoners of war, draftees, and desertion from the army.
—Walt Whitman, a poet and sometime journalist, currently serving as a volunteer hospital aid in Washington, writes home to his mother about the loyalty of Union men from Southern states:
—William Dudley Gale, a Confederate soldier in Bragg’s Army of Tennessee, writes home to his wife Kate as skirmishing and deployment of troops fills the Chickamauga Valley between Lafayette and Ringgold in northern Georgia, the results of the two armies brushing up against each other. He makes reference to the Battle of Davis Cross Roads of Sept. 10 and 11:
Sept 15th 1863
My dear wife,
We all got back here last night and had a good wash and feel clean once more. We that is Polk Corps, with the Division of Genl Walker, left here with 3 days cook rations to go & fight Crittenden Corps and the forces between us and Ringold. We had an awful march thro such dust as I never dreamed of before about 9 miles and stopped at the position selected for battle [?] the Genl & staff arrived. We expected to be engaged any minute. Chatham had formed his line of battle and all night long, the Genl was busy making his arrangements to recive them in the morning as he con-fidently expected an attack. Sometime during the night Genl Hindman’s Division came up and was sent forward at once to form [hits?] line of battle and I was sent to guide him & place him in position. His new men had about 2 hours rest .
In the meantime, we could hear occasional shots fired by the pickets in front which died away about 11 am at 12:30 pm. A brick artillery fire was heard in front of our left where Genl Stahl was with his brigade, about 40 rounds were fired and all was still. We thought all the time that the fight was near. But not so far after coming a few more the army retired leaving us grivously disappointed. We had nothing to do but to re-turn to this place. A few days before, we had a glorious opportunity to destroy Thomas Corps, had Genl Hindman obeyed orders. Thomas was surrounded, by Hill & Cleburne at one end of a gap in the high ridge, and Hindmand & Buckner at the other, Hindman ranks Buckner, and was ordered to make the attack at daylight but did not do so. Both armies lay on their arms all day, Thomas afraid to move & Hindmand afraid to attack until night when the Yankees slipt off and left us in the lurch. I hear Genl Bragg is in high recruitment at [Ox?]. We hear that we will have large reinforcements soon when I expect we will go back to Chattanooga and drive them out. This will be bloody work as it was fortified by us & strengthened by them.
Capt Blake arrived yesterday with the bundle, thanks dear wife. The shoes do finely, so do Harry’s. I have suffered very much from boils but am getting better.
Blake is waiting to take this to Rome to mail,
Kiss my dear little ones. God bless & preserve you my darling wife
Your const. ally,
Wm. D. Gale