– Virginia – Gen. "Fighting Joe" Hooker makes changes to improve morale in the Army of the Potomac. He orders corrupt quartermasters to be sacked, and improves the distribution of rations; orders more bakeries to be built, and that the troops are to be given fresh bread, potatoes, and onions at least three times per week. New sanitary regulations are to be enforced, and the cleanest camps compete for the reward of furloughs. Furloughs in general are to be more frequent and regulated, hospitals cleaner and more capacious, and drill to be more frequent and more professional. He founds a new program for better officer training.
|Gen. George Stoneman and staff, of the new Cavalry Corps in the Army of the Potomac|
-- Mississippi – Gen. Grant sends orders to Admiral David D. Porter to send a gunboat naval expedition through Yazoo Pass, to the Coldwater River, then to the Tallahatchie River, to the Yalabusha, to the Yazoo, thence to Yazoo City and on to Grenada, in order to destroy the bridges for the railroad there, and by denying them use of the railroads, thus hamper any invasions of West Tennessee that the Confederates might want to launch while the Yankees are busy down at Vicksburg. Grant offers the use of 600 infantry "to act as marines to the expedition." This will be a difficult task, since navigating the winding, twisting waterways of the Mississippi Delta region is likely to be treacherous.
|Grant's campaign for Vicksburg|
-- Walt Whitman, the poet, is working in the army hospitals in Washington, D.C. as a volunteer nurse. He receives a letter from his brother Jeff (Thomas Jefferson Whitman) back home in New Jersey, who writes (among other things) about Walt’s service and about their brother George who is a soldier:
-- Lucy Chase, a Quaker woman from Massachusetts, is a volunteer teacher to teach school to the "contrabands" (escaped slaves) on Craney Island, near Norfolk, Virginia:
Dear home folks
I am rejoicing with the happy negro in his greed for letters. One word of instruction from a teacher brightens the face of the learner with shining content. Frock coat or shoes, he takes as his due; but every step of his creeping progress into the mysteries of letters elevates his spirit like faith in a brilliant promise. Scattered about the houses of the whites are pleasing, intelligent women, who serve as cooks. One of them told me that she was very willing to take her share of suffering and all who were in the room with us, said they would suffer still more, rather than again become slaves. The woman said she should the very happy, feeling that her children can spend "The balance of their days in freedom, though she had been in bonds." Want of house-room makes it impracticable to form classes at present, but we can assist those we employ directly about us, and may be able in that way, to form a corps of A.B.C. teachers. . . .
–Oliver Willcox Norton, a bugler with the 83rd Pennsylvania Volunteers, writes home. Among the matters he discusses are his captain (who apparently has an aversion to violence) and the ever-present lice: