*–Brig. Gen. Rufus Saxton of the Union army in Beaufort, South Carolina, writes a report on the conduct of Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson’s new black regiment, the 1st So. Carolina Volunteers (U.S.):
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
|Plaque with text at the 54th Mass. Infantry Memorial, Boston Common|
Click on picture to enlarge, to read the text on the plaque.
|54th Massachusetts Memorial, Boston Common|
*–Jenkin Lloyd Jones, of the 6th Wisconsin Artillery, based at Memphis, Tennessee, writes in his journal of the winter quarters shelter he and his mates built:
|Union Camp in winter near the Rappahannock River, Virginia|
*–Horatio Nelson Taft, of Washington, D.C., writes in his journal of the rise of Copperheadism in the Midwestern states of the North:
Fears are now frequently expressed that we are to have trouble in the free states. There seems to exist a great number of peace men, men who are willing to make peace on any terms "only stop the war." The "Knights of the Golden Circle" (K.G.C.) a secret Society are said to have become numerous and are ready to overthrow the Govt if necessary to make Peace. . . . The action of some of the State Legislatures, and conventions of the People, and the tone of some of the Interior Papers is somewhat alarming. There is as this State of things prove a great lack of confidence in those at the head of the Govt and who manage the War. But a Victory or two will put things "all right." No Separation. "No peace" for ten years to come, unless those in rebellion are willing to lay down their arms and return to their duty as Loyal Citizens, so say I.
*—The mounting problems of manpower shortage for the South are beginning to dominate as much attention as Gen. Robert E. Lee can give it. This winter is when the Confederacy first begins to feel the pinch severely:
February 11, 1863.
Honorable JAMES A. SEDDON,
Secretary of War:
SIR: I think it very important to increase the strength of all our armies to the maximum by the opening of the next campaign. Details of officers and men have been sent from all the brigades of this army to collect deserters and absentees. By the return of last month, forwarded to the Department to-day, you will perceive that our strength is not much increased by the arrival of conscripts. Only 421 are reported to have joined by enlistment, and 287 to have returned from desertion, making an aggregate of 708, whereas our loss by death, discharges, and desertions amounts to 1,878. Now is the time to gather all our strength and to prepare for the struggle which must take place in the next three months. I beg you to use every means in your power to fill up our ranks.
I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,