—Lieut. Josiah Marshall Favill, a young English volunteer serving in the 57th New York Infantry Reg., records in his journal of their service at the top of Thoroughfare Gap, where the Confederates are trying to probe and break through. In this passage, he reveals how oddly unaccountable are idyllic experiences in the midst of war, including flirtation with the daughters of a nearby family, who are devoted secessionists nevertheless:
We enjoyed life on the mountain top, and were loath to descend, but not being our own masters have to take what is set before us. Headquarters are established in a small house by the road side, just at the base of the mountain. There are two fine young women, who with the entire family sit down with us to eat, our mess furnishing the cooks, and the food, and the house the appointments. The ladies are rebellious, but fond of attention, and so we have a good deal of fun.
—Near Philomont, Virginia, a furious skirmish ensues between cavalry troops under Gen. Pleasanton (U.S.) and Gen. Stuart (C.S.), with Stuart and his riders being beaten into retreat.
—In Wayne County, Missouri, Col. Dewey of the Federal army leads a cavalry raid to round up Rebel guerillas. After a march of 160 miles in eight days, on this date his force returns with 13,guerillas captured.
—The merchant vessel Levi Starbuck is captured by Capt. Semmes and the CSS Alabama, and is burned at sea.