|Chief Little Crow|
—A sharp battle takes place at Gallatin, Tennessee, between Col. John Hunt Morgan’s Rebel cavalry and Union troops under Gen. R.W. Johnson. The Yankees are beaten back after a severe fight.
—Union General George Morgan (not to be confused with the Rebel cavalry officer, John Hunt Morgan), in command of troops around Cumberland Gap in Tennessee, faces overwhelming Confederate forces in his front and rear, from the armies of Kirby-Smith and Bragg. Morgan sends a dispatch to headquarters insisting that he will hold the position: "If attacked I pledge myself and command for the security of this fort. We won it and do not intend to lose it."
—Capt. William L. Bolton, of the 51st Penn. Infantry, writes in his journal of the initial fighting at the ford at Rappahannock Station:
|Stuart raids behind Pope's army to Catlett's Station|
—George Michael Neese, a Rebel artilleryman with Jackson’s troops, wrote in his journal of the fighting at Rappahannock Station:
—Robert Know Sneden, of the III Corps staff with McClellans’ army, records in his journal his mixes feelings about leaving the Peninsula campaign defeated:
—Josiah Marshall Favill, a young officer with the 57th New York Infantry, records his regiment’s R &R at Yorktown:
—Alfred L. Castleman, a Union Army surgeon with McClellans’ retreating army on the Peninsula, records his impressions when his brigade comes into sight of the harbor at Hampton (Newport News), where they are to embark for Washington:
—Gen. Henry W. Halleck, in command of all U.S. armies, writes this diplomatically-worded message to Gen. McClellan, who is still on the Peninsula in Virginia:
Major General GEORGE B. McCLELLAN,
I have just received yours of the 17th by General Burnside.
You can scarcely imagine the pressure on me for the last two weeks and the anxiety I have had in regard to your movements. When I felt that the safety of Washington depended on the prompt and rapid transfer of your army it is very probable that my messages to you were more urgent and pressing than guarded in their language. I certainly meant nothing harsh, but I did feel that you did not act as promptly as I thought the circumstances required. I deemed every hour a golden one, the loss of which could not be repaired. I deemed every hour a golden one, the loss of which could not be repaired. I think you did not attach so much value to the passing hours; but perhaps I was mistaken. I know that there are several little matters which have annoyed you; they could not be avoided. . . .
There is enough and more than enough for all of us to do, although none of us can do exactly what we could wish. That Lee is moving on Pope with his main army I have no doubt. Unless we can unite most of your army with Burnside and Pope, Washington is in great danger. Under these circumstances you must pardon the extreme anxiety [and perhaps a little impatience] which I feel. Every moment seems to me as important as an ordinary hour.
Yours, in haste,
H. W. HALLECK.