—Jenkin Lloyd Jones, a Wisconsin artilleryman in the Union army with Grant in Mississippi, writes in his journal of a pleasant day of unseasonable weather:
—Pres. Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy has been visiting Chattanooga, Tennessee, conferencing with Gen. Joseph Johbnston on what to do about the situation in the West. Davis wants Bragg to send troops to Pemberton to defend Mississippi, Vicksburg in particular, whereas Johnston opposes this, arguing that the Confederacy will lose Tennessee as a result. He argues that all available troops in Arkansas, under the overall command of Gen. Theophilus Holmes (and which includes the army recently beaten at Prairie Grove under Hindman) should be sent to reinforce Pemberton. Johnston’s command authority, however, does not extend across the Mississippi, and so he cannot insist on this point. On this date, Davis prepares to travel by rail to Vicksburg to confer with Pemberton.
—George Templeton Strong writes in his journal of the Fredericksburg disaster, revealing increasing public rancor against Stanton and even Lincoln: